Exploring the District of Nankana Sahib

Nankana Sahib is considered as the heart of Sikhism, where history, culture, and spirituality converge in a vibrant tapestry of traditions and stories. Nankana Sahib, a district in Pakistan, holds a special place in the hearts of Sikhs worldwide. This sacred land is the birthplace of the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

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Join us on a journey through Nankana Sahib District, as we explore its rich history, cultural significance, and the enduring spirit of its people.

History of Nankana Sahib


gurdwara nankana sahib

Nankana Sahib is a city and the capital of Nankana Sahib District in Pakistan’s Punjab province. It’s named after Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism. He was born here and initiated his teachings from this region. Today, it’s a significant religious place for Sikhs from all across the world.

It’s situated about 80 kilometres in the west of Lahore and roughly 75 kilometres east of the city of Faisalabad. Originally established by Rai Bhoi, it was called Rai-Bhoi-Di-Talwandi and later renamed ‘Nankana Sahib’ after Guru Nanak’s birth. The Nankana Sahib gurdwara, built in 1600 CE, saw renovations around 1819-20 CE.

In a notable event during the Akali tehreek on 20th February 1921, the Udasimahant of the Gurdwara of Nankana Sahib; Narain Das ordered his followers to open fire on protesters, which led to the renowned Nankana massacre. This incident led to an agitation until the historically significant gurdwara of Janam Asthan was reconstructed to the Sikh community. In the period from 1930s-1940s, Sikhs built more structures and architectural features.


District Statistics

Total Area2,960 km2 (1,140 sq. mi)
Major OccupationsAgriculture & Farming


Population (Estimated)1,356,374


Electoral Constituencies

National02 ( NA-117, NA-118)
Provincial04 ( PP-131, PP-132, PP-133, PP-134)


Natural Resources

Natural ResourcesCropsVegetablesFruits
Water, Soil, SunlightWheat, Rice, SugarcaneCarrot, Cauliflower, Cucumber, PeasGuava, Lemon, Strawberry



google map of nankana sahib

Geographically, Nankana Sahib District finds itself bordered by several neighbouring regions. To its east, it shares boundaries with District Sheikhupura, while to the west, it is adjacent to District Faisalabad.

To the south, the district is defined by the meandering River Ravi and the presence of District Kasur, while its northwestern limits are marked by the flowing waters of the River Chenab and the presence of District Mandi Bahauddin.

Completing the circle, to the southwest, District Okara stands as its companion. These geographical distinctions delineate the district’s position and connections with its neighbouring regions.


Exploring Tourist Attractions in Nankana Sahib

Nankana Sahib, a city of profound historical and religious significance, offers an array of attractions that cater to diverse interests and preferences. Here, we delve into three notable tourist spots that hold unique charm and draw visitors from near and far.

Gurdwara Nankana Sahib: A Sacred Sanctuary

  • Gurdwara Janam Asthan, commonly known as Gurdwara Nankana Sahib, stands as a hallowed place where Guru Nanak, the creator of Sikhism was born. This revered shrine graces Nankana Sahib, situated not far from Lahore in Pakistan’s Punjab province.
  • Part of a collection of nine significant gurdwaras in the city, Gurdwara Nankana Sahib serves as a vital pilgrimage site for Sikh yatris. Pilgrims from across the globe undertake this journey to pay homage to their spiritual leader’s birthplace.
  • The gurdwara is acknowledged for its historical and cultural importance, with the Archaeology Department of the Government of Punjab recognising it as a Protected Heritage Monument. Here, visitors can immerse themselves in the rich tapestry of Sikh heritage, connecting with the roots of the faith.

Rana Resort: A Tranquil Oasis

rana resort
  • Rana Resort, also known as Rana Hunting and Luxury Resort, is a picturesque picnic destination located just 30 kilometres from the city of Nankana Sahib. Founded in the year 2007, it emerged as a popular choice for families and educational institute tours, drawing visitors to its serene beauty.
  • The resort is enveloped by a lush wildlife sanctuary, featuring 14 acres of vibrant flower-strewn lawns and a vast 200-acre expanse of bamboo forests. This pristine environment is a haven for relaxation and enjoyment.
  • Families find Rana Resort particularly appealing as it offers a secure and tranquil setting for unwinding, relishing delicious cuisine, and partaking in various entertaining activities. Besides enjoying the natural surroundings, visitors can interact with peacocks, ostriches and deer within the on-site zoo.
  • Adventure enthusiasts have their share of excitement with hunting opportunities, while sports aficionados can revel in badminton, tennis, cricket, football, and hockey in dedicated play areas.

Resort of Nankana Lake 

  • This Resort is located at a mere distance of 2 miles from the Nankana Sahib. Positioned at the crossroads of Bular’s Estate and the ancient Rajput trail, this resort offers a unique blend of history and modern amenities.
  • It follows the early exemplar set by Bular, back in 1457 AD. The resort continues the tradition of welcoming travellers from across the globe.
  • This resort beckons guests to escape the urban hustle and find solace amidst its serene surroundings. The resort presents an array of facilities for fun and relaxation, creating a memorable experience for those seeking respite from the city’s clamour.

In Nankana Sahib, these attractions stand as testaments to the city’s rich history, spirituality, and natural beauty, offering visitors unique and memorable experiences. Whether you’re a pilgrim, nature enthusiast, or a traveller in search of serenity, Nankana Sahib has something special to offer.



The district boasts a diverse array of plant life. Among the commonly found trees in this region are sheesham, keekar, shareen, bari, guava, citrus, and more. Notably, some farmers have embarked on cultivating mini forests with popular trees like eucalyptus and sumbal.

Additionally, the presence of marshy areas near the River Ravi, locally referred to as “Baila,” supports the growth of tall grasses, reeds, and various types of spices.



The district’s wildlife is equally diverse, with several species commonly sighted throughout the region. Animals such as jackals, wild rabbits, foxes, wild cats, and wild boars are frequently encountered. Wild boars, in particular, pose a challenge as they are known to damage and destroy various agricultural crops, including rice, potatoes, and vegetables in the riverine areas.

During the winter season, waterfowl, including various bird species, can be found around water holes in low-lying areas. Fishing is a prevalent activity along the banks of the River Ravi, and many water reservoirs serve as fish farms where different species like mohri, raho, and thalia are bred.

The district is also home to a variety of wild birds, such as doves, quails, pigeons, crows, parrots, and nightingales. Notably, during the winter, the region welcomes various species of ducks and migratory birds, creating a vibrant and diverse birdwatching opportunity along the banks of the River Ravi and in village water reservoirs.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Nankana Sahib

Following are a few of the FAQs about Nankana Sahib:


Where is Nankana Sahib located?

Nankana Sahib is situated in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It’s approximately 80 kilometers (50 miles) west of Lahore and holds immense religious significance as the birthplace of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism.


What is the historical significance of Nankana Sahib?

Nankana Sahib is revered as the birthplace of Guru Nanak, the first Guru of the Sikh faith. It is home to the Gurdwara Nankana Sahib, one of the holiest shrines in Sikhism.

Can non-Sikhs visit Gurdwara Nankana Sahib?

Yes, Gurdwara Nankana Sahib is open to people of all faiths and welcomes visitors who wish to pay their respects and learn about Sikh culture and history. Visitors are advised to follow the rules and dress code when entering the gurdwara.

What are the best times to visit Nankana Sahib?

The ideal times for visiting Nankana Sahib are from mid to late April and from late September to late October when the weather is more suitable for outdoor activities.

What are the other attractions in Nankana Sahib?

Apart from Gurdwara Nankana Sahib, visitors can explore places like Rana Resort, which is a popular picnic spot with lush green lawns, and Nankana Lake Resort, known for its serene environment and facilities for relaxation and fun.

Is Nankana Sahib easily accessible from major cities in Pakistan?

Yes, Nankana Sahib is well-connected by road to major cities like Lahore and Faisalabad, making it accessible for travelers from various parts of the country.

What types of wildlife is there in Nankana Sahib’s surroundings?

The district is home to a range of wildlife, including jackals, wild rabbits, foxes, wild cats, and wild boars. Birdwatchers can also spot various species of birds and waterfowl, especially during the winter months.

Are there any specific accommodations available for tourists in Nankana Sahib?

Yes, there are several accommodations in Nankana Sahib and the surrounding areas, catering to different budgets. These include hotels, guesthouses, and resorts.

Is Nankana Sahib a safe place for tourists to visit?

Nankana Sahib is generally a safe place for tourists. Like any travel destination, it’s advisable to take standard precautions, such as safeguarding your belongings and following local rules.

Nankana Sahib is a place where history meets devotion, where nature embraces tranquillity. Every visitor can find a unique and enlightening experience there in the district. It’s a destination where the past and the present harmonise. Besides, it offers a profound sense of connection and an enriching journey into the heart of Sikh heritage.

This was all about Nankana Sahib. For more information, visit Graana.com.

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