Performing Qurbani (also known as Udhiyah) is a significant act of worship for Muslims around the world. It is a sacred ritual that commemorates the spirit of Prophet Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son in obedience to Allah’s command.
Graana.com has prepared a guide on ‘Qurbani ki dua’ below, which includes the importance of Qurbani and the understanding of the supplication.
What is Qurbani?
Qurbani is the Islamic practice of sacrificing an animal on the occasion of Eid al-Adha. The sacrifice is made in remembrance of the sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) who was willing to sacrifice his son Ismail (Ishmael) as an act of obedience to Allah.
History and Significance
The history of Qurbani dates back to the time of Prophet Ibrahim, who dreamt that Allah commanded him to sacrifice his beloved son. Both father and son willingly agreed to fulfil Allah’s command, but as Ibrahim raised the knife, Allah replaced Ismail with a ram, signifying that their unwavering faith and obedience were accepted.
Meaning and Purpose
Qurbani means ‘sacrifice’ in the Arabic language. It involves the ritual slaughter of an animal during the Islamic month of Dhul Hijjah to demonstrate devotion and obedience to Allah. The purpose of Qurbani is to emulate the act of Prophet Ibrahim, who willingly submitted to Allah’s command, showcasing absolute trust and dedication.
The Qurbani Dua (Qurbani Ki Dua)
The below is Qurbani Dua:
إِنِّي وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّماَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفَاً وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ . إِنَّ صَلاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ العَالَمِينَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ المُسْلِمِينَ ، اللَّهُمَّ مِنْكَ وَلَكَ
“I have turned my face to that Being who has created the skies and the Earth in the state of the Straight Deen of Ibrahim – and I am not amongst the Mushrikeen. Definitely, my Salaat, my Ibadat and my living and dying is all for Allah, who is the Lord of the worlds, and who has no partner. I have been ordered (all that passed) I am amongst the Muslimeen (the obedient). O Allah this sacrifice is due to You granting us the ability to do so and it is for You.”
Eligibility and Conditions
Qurbani is obligatory for financially stable adult Muslims who possess the Nisab (minimum wealth threshold). It is not compulsory for children, the elderly, or those who cannot afford it. However, performing Qurbani is highly recommended for individuals who are eligible and have the means to do so.
Preparing for Qurbani
Here are some important things you should know while preparing for Qurbani:
Choosing the Right Animal
Islam permits the sacrifice of certain livestock, including sheep, goats, cows, and camels. The animal must meet specific age and health requirements to ensure that the sacrifice is valid and acceptable in the eyes of Allah.
Performing Qurbani incurs financial responsibilities. The cost of the animal, the slaughtering process, and the distribution of the meat to the needy are some of the financial aspects to consider. Muslims are encouraged to allocate a portion of their wealth to Qurbani as an act of charity and devotion.
Ensuring Animal Welfare
Islam emphasises compassion and kindness towards animals. When preparing for Qurbani, it is essential to ensure that the animals are treated with care and respect. Providing them with adequate food, water, and shelter, and avoiding any form of cruelty is of utmost importance.
Benefits of Qurbani
Qurbani is a highly rewarding act that brings many benefits to the person who performs it. These include:
Atonement for Sins
Qurbani is a means of expiation for sins. It is a way of seeking Allah’s forgiveness and mercy.
Drawing Closer to Allah
Qurbani is an act of worship that draws the person closer to Allah. It is a way of showing obedience to Him and of seeking His pleasure.
Helping the Poor and Needy
The meat of the sacrificed animal is distributed among the poor and needy, which helps alleviate their suffering.
Remembrance of Allah
Qurbani is a reminder of Allah’s greatness and His mercy. It is a time to reflect on His blessings and thank Him for all that He has given us.
How to Perform Qurbani
Anyone who is able to afford it can perform Qurbani. The sacrificed animal must be a sheep, goat, camel, or cow, and it must be healthy, free from any defects, and slaughtered in a humane manner. The sacrifice should take place on the day of Eid al-Adha or within the following three days.
You can divide the meat of the sacrificed animal into three parts.
- One part for the person who performs the sacrifice: This is the recommended portion.
- One part for the family of the person who performs the sacrifice: This is also a recommended portion.
- One part for the poor and needy: This is the obligatory portion.
It involves the following steps:
- Making the intention for Qurbani
- Selecting a suitable animal
- Ensuring the animal fulfils the requirements
- Performing the sacrifice according to Islamic guidelines
- Dividing the meat and distributing it among the designated recipients
While performing Qurbani, it is recommended to adhere to certain practices:
- Observing cleanliness and purity during the entire process
- Offering the sacrifice in a designated area, such as a mosque or a slaughterhouse
- Following the Sunnah (Prophetic traditions) by slaughtering the animal with a sharp knife swiftly and mercifully
- Participating actively in the process to understand its significance and experience the spirituality of Qurbani
After completing the Qurbani ritual, you must fulfil certain obligations.
- Distribution of meat: Ensure that the meat is divided into the appropriate portions and distributed to the intended recipients.
- Charity and sharing: Engage in acts of charity and kindness to further strengthen the spiritual impact of Qurbani.
- Personal reflection: Take time to reflect on the experience and the lessons learned from Prophet Ibrahim’s devotion and sacrifice.
Qurbani is a sacred act that allows Muslims to demonstrate their devotion and obedience to Allah. By following the prescribed rituals, reciting the Qurbani dua, and distributing the meat to the needy, Muslims experience spiritual growth and contribute to the well-being of their community.
May the act of Qurbani bring blessings, unity, and compassion to the hearts of all believers. Make sure you spend maximum time with your friends and family by exploring places to visit on Eid.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
FAQ 1: What is the significance of Qurbani in Islam?
Answer: It holds immense religious and spiritual significance in Islam. It symbolises obedience, devotion, and the willingness to sacrifice for the sake of Allah.
FAQ 2: Can I perform Qurbani on behalf of someone else?
Answer: Yes, it is permissible to perform it on behalf of deceased or living individuals, including family members and friends. There are many online Online Qurbani Websites in Pakistan that you can use.
FAQ 3: Are there any specific animals for Qurbani?
Answer: Yes, Islam permits the sacrifice of certain animals, including sheep, goats, cows, and camels, for Qurbani.
FAQ 4: Can I perform Qurbani in a different country?
Answer: Yes, as long as you meet the religious guidelines and conditions, you can perform it in a different country.
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