The Ministry of Climate Change and Environmental Coordination: Transforming Pakistan’s Future

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In a world where environmental concerns are mounting, and the ominous shadow of climate change looms large, Pakistan is stepping up to meet these challenges head-on. At the forefront of the environmental battle stands the Ministry of Climate Change and Environmental Coordination (MoCC).

The visionary institution is on a mission to transform Pakistan’s environmental landscape, champion sustainability, and promote responsible stewardship of its precious natural resources. 

With a rich history, a diverse range of initiatives, and a series of groundbreaking policies and projects, MoCC is leading Pakistan toward a more sustainable and environmentally conscious future.

In this in-depth exploration, will delve into the profound impact of MoCC, tracing its origins and examining its current efforts. The goal is to unveil the pivotal role it plays in shaping Pakistan’s environmental destiny. 


History of Ministry of Climate Change

Established on August 4, 2017, MoCC marked a significant turning point in Pakistan’s commitment to confronting climate change and environmental issues. Over the years, it has evolved into a dynamic and proactive ministry, dedicated to crafting and implementing policies and projects aimed at safeguarding Pakistan’s environment while fostering sustainable practices. 


Jurisdiction of MoCC

MoCC operates under the authority of the Government of Pakistan, emphasising its crucial role in formulating and executing national strategies for environmental conservation and climate adaptation. The jurisdiction extends to various aspects of environmental governance, allowing MoCC to influence and oversee critical initiatives.


Role of the Ministry of Climate Change 

MoCC, or the Ministry of Climate Change and Environmental Coordination, plays a pivotal role in Pakistan’s governance structure, particularly concerning environmental matters. The ministry is responsible for various tasks related to environmental policy development, implementation, and oversight, all of which are integral to the nation’s sustainable development. Let’s take a closer look at the detailed role of MoCC and its significant impact on Pakistan’s environmental landscape. 


Coordinating Environmental Efforts by Ministry of Climate Change

MoCC operates within the ambit of the Government of Pakistan, underscoring its vital role in coordinating and executing national strategies for environmental conservation and climate adaptation. It serves as the nerve centre for a multitude of activities aimed at safeguarding Pakistan’s environment while advancing sustainable practices. 


Environmental Policy Formulation by Ministry of Climate Change

One of the central functions of the Ministry of Climate Change and Environmental Coordination (MoCC) is the creation and shaping of environmental policies. These policies serve as the foundation upon which Pakistan’s environmental objectives and obligations are constructed. They provide all-encompassing blueprints for tackling a broad spectrum of environmental issues, encompassing everything from enhancing air quality to mitigating climate change. 


Implementation and Oversight 

Formulating policies is just the first step; MoCC is equally responsible for overseeing their implementation. This includes collaborating with relevant stakeholders, overseeing budget allocations, and ensuring that the policies translate into actionable projects that make a tangible difference in the environment. 


Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) 

MoCC is responsible for carrying out Pakistan’s obligations as outlined in various international environmental treaties. These agreements encompass a diverse array of topics, such as climate change, the preservation of biodiversity, and the safeguarding of endangered species.

One particularly noteworthy agreement is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which holds substantial importance within the global initiative to address climate change.


Supporting Sustainable Practices By Ministry of Climate Change 


Supporting Sustainable Practices 


Promoting sustainable practices is at the heart of MoCC’s mission. It does so through various initiatives and projects, such as the “Ten Billion Trees Tsunami Programme.” This ambitious reforestation and afforestation initiative aims to combat deforestation, restore degraded ecosystems, and increase Pakistan’s green cover. By promoting the planting of billions of trees, this project contributes not only to environmental conservation but also to mitigating the effects of climate change.

Read more about Advantages of Forests in Pakistan


Ministry of Climate Change Wings 

MoCC operates through several wings, each with specific responsibilities and functions, working cohesively to achieve the ministry’s overarching goals. Let’s delve into these wings and their roles in detail: 


Administrative Wing

The Administrative Wing is the backbone of MoCC, overseeing essential administrative functions, budgetary matters, and division-wide coordination. It ensures the efficient operation of the ministry by managing personnel administration and budget allocations.

Additionally, the Administrative Wing plays a vital role in implementing Cabinet decisions and directives from the President and Prime Minister, ensuring that MoCC’s policies and projects are aligned with the highest levels of government. 


Climate Finance Unit (CFU), Pakistan

The Climate Finance Unit (CFU) operates under the direct supervision of the Secretary, Ministry of Climate Change. The specialised unit is dedicated to facilitating the development of projects related to global climate finance opportunities.

It plays a crucial role in identifying, formulating, and accrediting national entities to access international climate financing. By doing so, the CFU contributes to the realisation of climate-resilient and environmentally sustainable projects in Pakistan. 


Development Wing

The Development Wing within MoCC addresses policy matters concerning development schemes and initiatives. It holds responsibility for managing budgetary concerns related to Public Sector Development Program (PSDP) development projects.

Additionally, the Development Wing closely monitors the progress of these projects, ensuring their effective implementation. This oversight ensures that development projects align with MoCC’s objectives of promoting sustainable practices and environmental protection. 


Environment Wing

Under the guidance of the Director-General, the Environment Wing concentrates on several facets of environmental governance. This encompasses matters related to environmental laws, cross-border concerns, and the advancement of sustainable development methods.

A pivotal responsibility within its mandate is the execution of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs), which encompasses significant treaties like the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). These endeavours by the Environment Wing play a vital role in upholding Pakistan’s dedication to international environmental pacts and agreements. 


Forestry Wing


Forestation Campaign in Pakistan

The Forestry Wing is responsible for shaping national policies, plans, and programs related to ecology, forestry, wildlife, biodiversity, and desertification. It plays a vital role in coordinating and monitoring environmental agreements with other countries, international agencies, and forums.

Additionally, the Forestry Wing is instrumental in Pakistan’s efforts to combat deforestation, promote reforestation, and protect its rich biodiversity. 


International Cooperation Wing (IC Wing)

Established in 2005, the International Cooperation Wing (IC Wing) focuses on enhancing Pakistan’s coordination with international environmental agencies. This wing represents Pakistan at various international forums, including those related to environmental conventions and protocols. By actively engaging in international cooperation, the IC Wing ensures that Pakistan’s interests and commitments in the global environmental arena are effectively represented and protected. 


Attached Departments of Ministry of Climate Change

In addition to its wings, MoCC oversees several attached departments and agencies that play integral roles in advancing its mission: 

  • Global Change Impact Studies Centre 
  • National Disaster Management Authority 
  • National Institute of Disaster Management 
  • Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency 
  • Zoological Survey Department 
  • National Council for Conservation of Wildlife (Pakistan) 

These attached departments collaborate with MoCC to address specific environmental and climate-related challenges, contributing to the broader goal of environmental sustainability in Pakistan. 


Recently Introduced Policies by Ministry of Climate Change

MoCC has recently introduced a series of groundbreaking policies to tackle Pakistan’s most pressing environmental and climate challenges. These policies reflect MoCC’s commitment to addressing critical issues with comprehensive and well-structured frameworks. Let’s explore these policies in detail: 

National Clean Air Policy (NCAP)


National Clean Air Policy (NCAP)


Introduced on March 2, 2023

Air pollution has emerged as a critical concern in Pakistan, particularly in urban areas. NCAP lays out a comprehensive framework to mitigate air pollution, enhance air quality, and safeguard public health. It encompasses stringent regulations on emissions from industries and vehicles and incorporates robust monitoring and assessment mechanisms to ensure clean air for all. 


National Hazardous Waste Management Policy 2022

Introduced on July 25, 2022

Effective management of hazardous waste is crucial for safeguarding the environment. This policy establishes a well-organised structure for the secure gathering, transportation, treatment, and disposal of hazardous waste materials. Furthermore, it emphasizes the significance of enhancing public awareness and involvement in responsible hazardous waste management procedures. 


Final Updated National Climate Change Policy-2021

Introduced on March 18, 2022

Pakistan, like numerous other countries, faces the extensive repercussions of climate change. The revised policy highlights the government’s resolute dedication to confronting climate change directly. It outlines approaches to diminish greenhouse gas emissions, bolster resilience against climate effects, and advocate for sustainable development practices. 


National Electric Vehicle Policy (2019)


National Electric Vehicle Policy (2019)


Introduced on July 19, 2021

The shift toward electric vehicles (EVs) is a significant move to reduce carbon emissions from the transportation sector. Pakistan’s National Electric Vehicle Policy is designed to encourage the adoption of electric vehicles. It includes incentives for EV manufacturers, the establishment of charging infrastructure, and regulatory measures intended to promote the uptake of cleaner transportation choices. 

These policies collectively represent MoCC’s dedication to addressing critical environmental issues, fostering sustainable practices, and mitigating the impacts of climate change in Pakistan. 


Recently Introduced Projects by Ministry of Climate Change

MoCC doesn’t merely rely on policies; it translates its vision into actionable results through transformative projects. These projects are instrumental in implementing the policies and achieving tangible outcomes. Let’s explore these projects in detail: 


Capacity Building on Water Quality Monitoring and SDG 6 (6.1) Reporting

Duration: July 01, 2021 – June 30, 2023

Ensuring that everyone has access to clean and safe drinking water is a fundamental human right. The project is dedicated to strengthening the ability to monitor water quality and track advancements toward Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 (SDG 6.1). Its objective is to make sure that safe and reasonably priced drinking water is within reach for all, thereby enhancing the overall quality of life in Pakistan. 


Ten Billion Trees Tsunami Programme – Phase-I Up-scaling of Green Pakistan Programme (Revised)


10 Billion Trees Tsunami Programme in Images


Duration: June 30, 2020 – June 30, 2023

Deforestation stands as a global concern, and Pakistan has undertaken an audacious initiative with the Ten Billion Trees Tsunami Programme. This endeavour concentrates on combating deforestation and promoting reforestation. Its aim is to plant billions of trees, restore degraded ecosystems, and augment Pakistan’s green cover. This initiative not only addresses environmental concerns but also contributes to biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation. 

Climate Resilient Urban Human Settlements Unit

Duration: July 01, 2019 – June 30, 2024

As urbanisation surges, cities confront escalating climate risks. The Climate Resilient Urban Human Settlements Unit embarks on enhancing the resilience of urban areas to the impacts of climate change. The project encompasses urban planning, infrastructure development, and disaster risk reduction strategies, all aimed at creating sustainable, climate-resilient cities across Pakistan. By doing so, it ensures that the rapid urbanisation in Pakistan occurs in an environmentally responsible and resilient manner. 

Establishment of Pakistan WASH Strategic Planning & Coordination Cell


Establishment of Pakistan WASH Strategic Planning & Coordination Cell


The establishment of the Pakistan Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Strategic Planning & Coordination Cell plays a pivotal role in improving access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities across the nation. The strategic planning cell serves as a dedicated hub for the formulation and implementation of WASH initiatives in Pakistan, ensuring that these essential services are accessible to all citizens. This initiative directly contributes to public health and well-being by addressing critical water and sanitation challenges. 

Conclusion | Ministry of Climate Change

The Ministry of Climate Change and Environmental Coordination (MoCC) stands as a beacon of hope and progress in Pakistan’s journey toward environmental sustainability. Its policies, projects, and various wings are all geared toward the overarching goal of a cleaner, greener, and more resilient Pakistan. By addressing pressing environmental challenges, mitigating climate change, and promoting sustainable development practices, MoCC is setting a commendable example for the nation and the world. 

MoCC’s commitment to a sustainable Pakistan is evident in its actions, making it a driving force in the quest for a cleaner and more environmentally conscious future. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Ministry of Climate Change

What is the role of the Ministry of Climate Change and Environmental Coordination (MoCC) in Pakistan? 

MoCC operates as a central authority responsible for coordinating and implementing policies and projects related to environmental conservation, climate change mitigation, and sustainable development in Pakistan. 

What are the key wings of MoCC, and what are their functions? 

MoCC comprises several wings, including the Administrative Wing, Climate Finance Unit, Development Wing, Environment Wing, Forestry Wing, and International Cooperation Wing. Each wing has specific responsibilities, such as budget management, policy development, and international coordination, aimed at achieving MoCC’s environmental and climate goals. 

How does MoCC address air pollution in Pakistan? 

MoCC has introduced the National Clean Air Policy (NCAP) to combat air pollution. This policy includes strategies to reduce emissions from industries and vehicles, as well as monitoring and assessment measures to ensure clean air quality. 

What is the goal of the Ten Billion Trees Tsunami Programme? 

The Ten Billion Trees Tsunami Programme is a reforestation and afforestation initiative aimed at combating deforestation and restoring Pakistan’s green cover. Its goal is to plant billions of trees and restore degraded ecosystems. 

Why is the establishment of the Pakistan WASH Strategic Planning & Coordination Cell significant? 

The Pakistan WASH Strategic Planning & Coordination Cell is crucial for improving access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services in Pakistan. It serves as a dedicated body for planning and implementing WASH initiatives, ensuring that safe drinking water and sanitation facilities are accessible to all citizens, thereby improving public health and well-being. 

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