Tarbela Dam is the largest fill-type dam in the world. It is situated close to the tiny town of Tarbela in Haripur. It is constructed over the River Indus. In terms of reservoir capacity, it is also the second-largest dam in the world, with a total of 11.62 million acre-feet.
The main project components’ construction began in 1968, and the dam’s inaugural operations began in 1978. The project reached its completion in 1984, costing $1.49 billion. Graana.com brings you all you need to know about Tarbela Dam.
Tarbela Dam is a two-hour drive from Islamabad through the Grand Truck Road and National Highway 5 (N-5). Due to close proximity, it is a very well-liked picnic location among residents of Rawalpindi/Islamabad.
Tarbela Dam is situated simultaneously in Swabi and Haripur districts in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The distance to the city of Swabi is only 30 km. Beautiful scenery and atmosphere surround Tarbela dam with high mountains and lush greenery.
The Swabi-Topi road is the easiest way to reach Tarbela Dam in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa if you are coming from the city of Swabi. The city of Abbottabad in KPK is connected to Tarbela Dam via National Highway-35. There are roughly 100 kilometers separating these two locations.
Monitoring of Tarbela Dam
The water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) closely monitors the local tourism industry in the area. Only a certain number of visitors are permitted to the dam at one time. You may need to obtain permission from the WAPDA Public Relations Office (PRO) if you want to travel to Tarbela Dam in KPK. The fact that there are numerous viewing places nearby increases the importance of this dam for Pakistani tourism.
With the aid of these vantage points, visitors have the opportunity to admire the beauty of this reservoir and the nearby natural landscapes from various perspectives. There are well-kept greenbelts with walkways that enhance the beauty of the area.
Largest Contributor to Hydroelectricity
The Tarbela Dam is the largest dam producing hydroelectricity in the nation. Hydroelectricity is a major component of Pakistan’s infrastructure for producing electric power. WAPDA estimates that the nation has the capacity to generate 60,000 megawatts of hydroelectric power.
The greatest thing about hydropower is that since it is powered by water, it is a clean and environmentally beneficial source of energy.
It is the largest artificial reservoir in the nation. The 1976-built Tarbela Dam is the biggest earth-filled dam in the world with a height of roughly 470 feet. Tarbela Lake is the name of the body of water that was created by this man-made embankment.
Tarbela lake has a surface area of about 250 square kilometers. This dam serves as a storage facility for water from the Ravi, Sutlej, and Beas rivers’ tributaries.
The reservoir can currently hold about 6,800,000 acre-feet of water. Up to 18,406 cubic meters per second of water can be discharged down the reservoir’s main spillway. The dam’s structure includes two spillways that work together to keep the water level in the dam at a constant level.
The power generation capacity of this hydroelectric project in Pakistan can be increased up to a maximum of 6,298 megawatts with additional infrastructure development on the reservoir. According to a report posted on the World Bank’s official website, construction is already begun to put more power plants on the dam’s remaining two tunnels.
It is anticipated that these developments will greatly increase the largest hydroelectric plant in Pakistan’s overall power generation capacity, bringing it up to 6298 megawatts. This amount is roughly 20% of the nation’s installed power generating and distribution networks’ combined capacity.
Used for Irrigation Purposes
The primary purpose of this artificial reservoir in Pakistan is to provide water to irrigation systems situated in numerous nearby villages and cities. On this dam, up to five substantial tunnels have been constructed to control the water flow during release.
Only 30% of the water is used to produce hydroelectricity; the other 70% is released over the dam’s spillway and used for agriculture and other purposes. Even so, it is Pakistan’s biggest hydroelectric facility. The largest hydroelectric station in Pakistan is currently housed in this dam, which has a 4,888-megawatt power-producing capacity.
With the aid of fast-moving water from three of the dam’s five tunnels, the main powerhouse on the dam is equipped with 14 generators that generate a lot of electricity. Massive water turbines for producing electricity are installed in these three tunnels.
Tarbela Dam has a lot of recreational activities for tourists in the area. Families with children can plan a day out in this area for a weekend getaway. Fishing/boating facilities are also available. There are also restaurants and seafood eateries in the area.
You can enjoy fresh and delicious seafood from the neighboring rivers and lakes. Most of the people come here with their family and friends. Victors mostly prefer ordering freshly captured fish from the river.
If you haven’t visited the Tarbela Dam, now is the time to do so. It will surely be a memorable experience with lots of fun and learning.