With growing advancements and latest technological inventions around the world, construction industry is also open to welcoming technology in the field. One of these recent enhancements is Architectural technology.
Architectural technology is the application of information technology, scientific knowledge, and artificial intelligence in construction projects and buildings. It is designed as per its required usage in the construction industry.
From materials used in construction, to construction equipment in the building, to smart structural elements, modern projects of construction are witnessing a new world of change. These enhancements help in building smart structures where comfort and ease of living are the primary focus.
Graana.com, Pakistan’s smartest property portal, is providing a complete understanding of various types of architectural technology or smart construction technology.
Types of Architectural Technology
There are several types of architectural technology that are playing an important role to promote sustainability. These types assist in creating sustainable projects with more accuracy and better facilities of living.
BIM (Building Information Model)
One of the most renowned advancements in architectural technology, BIM, is the primary model that keeps everyone involved in construction projects. These projects are planned out and executed in the form of a circle, and the work is distributed equally at all stages. Proper execution of architectural design with lesser inaccuracies is the primary goal of the Building Information Model.
Architects, engineers, estimators, clients, and construction teams all work in a single shared process with the help of BIM. Building Information Model works with the help of numerous software and modern computer applications that are designed specifically for each process and each task.
ArchiCAD, Allplan, and Revit are the most renowned BIM-compatible software. With a powerful set of built-in features, these tools help architects design, visualize, document, and deliver modern projects with concrete accuracies.
Artificial Intelligence in Architectural Technology
As an emerging field with the potential to replace manual work and enhance optimization in projects, artificial information technology is growing at a fast pace. Artificial Intelligence (AI) helps architects to assess site conditions and weather at each step of construction.
Moreover, AI provides virtual walkaways to experience how a particular construction project will appear at each step after completion. With the help of automation, robots, and the internet of things, AI makes sure that each step is error-free. It also helps in designing elevations and floor plans to maximize the usage of available space.
Big Data Technology
To start any construction project, architects and engineers need complete data. The data should ideally include information about cost estimations, construction materials, site conditions, the weather during construction, time of completion, design durability, and many other important factors. Big Data helps to break down this difficult task.
‘Big data’ is the collection of structured and unstructured data that helps companies to improve operations. It also helps to create personalized marketing campaigns and improve customer experience along with taking necessary actions for the accuracy and efficiency of projects.
6Vs state the aims and operation ethics of Big Data Technology. The following are 6Vs of big data:
In the architectural designs and the construction industry, Big Data plays a significant role in providing all the information to each person involved in the process according to its role and tasks.
Using artificial intelligence and a set of algorithms, this technology generates design options. These design options vary according to particular design requirements such as material, building technique, and budgets. To provide architects with greater insights into project possibilities, these design variations are vital.
Humans have been working on technology to make things easier and more comfortable for themselves. With consistent advancements in technology and the latest inventions, the construction industry has started using automation technology in buildings. It includes numerous devices, machines, and programs that automatically perform various tasks inside the building.
Labor-saving devices and home appliances such as refrigerators, washing machines, dryers, dishwashers, etc. have reduced the human effort in day-to-day tasks. Daylighting systems, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system), fire protection, modern security systems, and several other technical features are part of building automation.
These features help in adding comfort and convenience for residents who live in the building. Not only this, but it also helps them feel secure with everything under control.
Deep Water Cooling
It is a district cooling method that draws cold water from various water reservoirs into buildings and helps in cooling down the temperature. In modern construction projects, running water through a network of pipes across various floors keeps the building cool. Moreover, if the water is clean, it is then again directed to underground water storage for reuse.
The cost of deep water cooling system installation might be expensive. However, once the system is installed, it uses almost a negligible percentage of energy as compared to traditional air conditioning.
District Heating System
A District Heating System is a centralized cooling or heat-generating system, which is spread across a large area of the building. Infrastructure investment is quite high to install such systems; however, it is cheaper to operate as compared to individual systems installed in the building.
Pressurized water pipes or steam pipes are equally spread across the building in a network, allowing heat or cooling to distribute equally in various parts of a building.
Global warming is becoming a threat to the survival of humans on this planet. Environmentalists, architects, and engineers are working out plans to design sustainable construction projects and buildings. These projects are environment-friendly and play a vital role in cooling down the temperatures.
Green buildings are also part of modern architectural technology where vegetation, plants, and vines are grown on the walls and roofs of the buildings. These plants and vegetations grow and help to cool down the temperatures of buildings. Moreover, they also serve as a good source of natural oxygen. They reduce pollution in the environment as well.
In order to help the environment, incorporating the concept of green buildings in architectural technology is vital and a revolutionary step towards better living.
Potential of Architectural Technology
The future and technology exist and progress in parallel. Techno-equipped surroundings and construction projects are helping humans build structures like never before. Modern projects are providing the most advanced features to the world based on advanced architectural technologies. Amenities, modern facilities, and ease of access to everything are all because of information technology.
Back in times, when there was less use of technology in architectural designs and construction projects, it took months and years to complete projects. However, these days, with the help of artificial intelligence and computer technologies, the process has become facile and fast. Architectural technology is no doubt going to replace human labour in future construction projects.
With potential benefits and revolutionizing trends, the world is about to have wonders or architectural engineering.