South Punjab is a significant region with rich historical and governmental importance in Pakistan. It encompasses Multan, Bahawalpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, and Jhang and Bhakkar districts. This part of the country has been pivotal since ancient times due to its strategic and geographical significance. South Punjab is the backbone of the entire Punjab province, contributing significantly to its economic resources.
In this blog, Graana.com has prepared a list of South Punjab Cities below:
To better govern the southern areas of Punjab, a separate civil secretariat was established in 2020, serving the Divisions of Dera Ghazi Khan, Multan, and Bahawalpur.
The secretariat, which became operational on October 15, 2020, encompasses various administrative departments such as Services and General Administration, Home, Health, Education, Agriculture, Planning and Development, Livestock and Dairy Development, Local Government and Community Development, Housing, Urban Development and Public Health, Engineering, Irrigation, Forest, Communication and Works, and Revenue, as well as the Police.
The total population of South Punjab is approximately 39.14 million, with an average household size of 6.56. The region covers an area of 116,518 square kilometres, constituting 57% of Punjab’s total land and accommodating around one-fourth of the province’s population. Its landscape primarily comprises fertile agricultural fields irrigated through canals, tube wells, and rainfed systems.
Agriculture is a significant economic driver in South Punjab, with abundant production of principal crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mustard seeds, rice, and wheat. The region is also known for its thriving production of fruits and vegetables, and the livestock and poultry industries contribute significantly to its growth and prosperity.
Regarding the geography of Saraikistan province, there have been differences of opinion among the main political parties. PPP supports the formation of the South province by merging 14 districts of Punjab and Dera Ismail Khan and Tank districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
In comparison, PTI advocates for creating the South Punjab province by merging 11 districts solely from South Punjab. PML(N) does not strongly support the division of Punjab into two separate provinces.
List of Cities in South Punjab
South Punjab, a region of Pakistan known for its cultural diversity, historical significance, and economic prosperity, is home to several captivating cities. The following is a list of South Punjab cities:
- Dera Ghazi Khan
- Rahim Yar Khan
Administration Division of South Punjab Cities
The province would have 3 (PTI version) or 4 (PPP version) more administrative divisions:
|Name of Division||Name of District||Headquarter|
Rahim Yar Khan
|Dera Ghazi Khan||Dera Ghazi Khan|
|Dera Ghazi Khan|
Burewala – The City of Cotton
Burewala is often called the “City of Cotton” due to its significant contribution to Pakistan’s cotton industry. The city’s fertile lands and favourable climate make it an ideal location for cotton cultivation. Visitors can witness the bustling cotton markets and explore the local culture reflecting the region’s agricultural heritage.
Bhakkar – A Historical Oasis
Bhakkar is an ancient city with a rich historical past. It houses several archaeological sites, including the ancient city of Bhakkar, which dates back to the Gandhara civilisation. The city’s historical significance and archaeological wonders attract history enthusiasts and researchers.
Bahawalnagar – Nurturing Minds
Bahawalnagar is renowned for its commitment to education. The city boasts well-established educational institutions catering to the local academic needs. The emphasis on education has been pivotal in the city’s overall development.
Bahawalpur – Where Royalty Resides
Bahawalpur, a city with a royal past, retains its regal charm through its exquisite architecture and cultural heritage. The Noor Mahal, an enchanting palace, is a testament to the city’s royal legacy. Bahawalpur’s cultural festivals and traditional music captivate visitors from far and wide.
Changa Manga – Nature’s Retreat
Changa Manga, a man-made forest, offers a refreshing escape into nature. The vast greenery, wildlife, and recreational facilities make it a popular destination for families and nature enthusiasts seeking tranquillity.
Dera Ghazi Khan – Bridging the Past and Present
Dera Ghazi Khan bridges history and modernity. The city’s historical landmarks, such as the Kot Sultan Fort, glimpse its glorious past. Today, it is a thriving urban centre with a strong focus on agriculture and industry.
Jhang – Cultural Melting Pot
Jhang is a city known for its cultural diversity and religious significance. The city’s historical sites, including the Shrine of Heer Ranjha, are revered by people from various faiths, symbolising communal harmony.
Layyah – Riverside Serenity
Layyah is blessed with the beauty of the Indus River, providing a serene environment for relaxation and recreation. The riverfront and surrounding landscapes make it a popular spot for picnics and leisure activities.
Lodhran – Growth and Progress
Lodhran has witnessed remarkable growth in recent years, especially in education and agriculture. The city’s educational institutions are dedicated to providing quality learning opportunities, contributing to the region’s development.
Multan – The City of Saints
Multan holds a special place in the hearts of many Pakistanis as the “City of Saints.” Its Sufi shrines and historical landmarks, such as the Multan Fort and Shah Rukn-e-Alam Mausoleum, attract millions of visitors annually.
Muzaffargarh – Historical Significance
Muzaffargarh boasts historical significance, with several ancient archaeological sites dotting the landscape. The city’s rich past and cultural heritage make it an appealing destination for history enthusiasts.
Rahim Yar Khan – Land of Sugarcane and More
Rahim Yar Khan is famous for its expansive sugarcane fields and flourishing agriculture. The city’s agricultural prowess and cultural offerings make it a significant urban centre in South Punjab.
Rajanpur – Embracing Nature
Rajanpur is a gateway to thrilling river adventures, thanks to its location along the Indus River. The city’s lush greenery and natural beauty attract eco-tourists and nature lovers seeking solace in the great outdoors.
Vehari – Orchard Delight
Vehari is famous for its lush orchards, producing a variety of fruits, including mangoes and citrus. The city’s rural charm and agricultural abundance make it a delightful destination for fruit enthusiasts.
Okara – Agricultural Excellence
Okara is a city synonymous with agricultural excellence. The city’s fertile lands and farming dedication significantly contribute to Pakistan’s agricultural output.
Sahiwal – Progress and Prosperity
Sahiwal is a rising city experiencing rapid growth and development. Its industries and educational institutions have played a vital role in shaping the city’s modern identity.
Uch Sharif – Historical Splendor
Uch Sharif is an ancient town with a rich historical legacy. The city’s historical monuments and architectural wonders testify to its glorious past.
South Punjab’s cities are integral to Pakistan’s diverse cultural landscape. Each city contributes uniquely to the region’s identity, offering visitors a chance to explore historical wonders, experience local traditions, and witness economic growth.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What are the central regions encompassed in South Punjab?
South Punjab comprises Multan, Bahawalpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, and Jhang and Bhakkar districts.
What is the population of South Punjab?
The total population of South Punjab is approximately 39.14 million, with an average household size of 6.56.
What is the significance of agriculture in South Punjab?
Agriculture is a significant economic driver in South Punjab. Principal crops such as cotton, sugarcane, mustard seeds, rice, and wheat are abundant. The region is also known for its thriving production of fruits and vegetables, and the livestock and poultry industries contribute significantly to its growth.
Has there been any effort to create a new province in South Punjab?
There have been efforts to create a new province in South Punjab. In 2012, resolutions were passed in favour of this idea, and in 2022, a bill seeking the establishment of the South Punjab province was accepted.
When was the separate civil secretariat for South Punjab established?
The separate civil secretariat for South Punjab was established in 2020. It serves the Divisions of Dera Ghazi Khan, Multan, and Bahawalpur.
Which city in South Punjab has a rich historical past?
Bhakkar is an ancient city with a rich historical past and several archaeological sites.
What is the landscape of South Punjab characterised by?
South Punjab’s landscape is primarily characterised by fertile agricultural fields irrigated through canals, tube wells, and rainfed systems.
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