Over the last few years, architecture has grown tremendously in Pakistan. The trend is incorporating modern, innovative, and functional ideas into the house construction styles. Previously, you can see a sub-continent construction style mainly dominated by Mughal and colonial-era architecture. Pakistani architecture specifically combines these traditional and modern elements to design unique and diverse designs.
Most people want their homes to have a modern design that can follow the patterns around modern world architecture. If you are also thinking to construct a new house and looking for different designs, you first need to understand the most common designs and architectural styles trending currently in Pakistan.
Graana.com has compiled a guide on some of the best house construction styles to help you choose a design for your house.
Most Common Construction Styles in Pakistan
Here are some of the prevailing architectural styles in Pakistan.
- Contemporary architecture
- International style
- French Architecture
- Spanish Architecture
- Minimalist architecture
- Modern architecture
Let’s discuss these architectural styles in detail:
Experimentation, minimalism, and innovation are the best descriptions of a modern home. This design received significant recognition during the post-industrialization era, when the trend of incorporating equipment into the construction process was at its peak. This sort of house was designed with comfort and functionality in mind, rather than being unduly ornamented and sustaining nonsensical buildings for aesthetic appeal.
Modern architecture is a house construction style that emerged in the first part of the twentieth century but achieved broad favor following World War II. It is seen as a forerunner of other well-known architectural styles, such as minimalism and modern architecture.
The fundamental idea of modern architecture is ‘form follows function.’ Simply said, this building style emphasizes sharp, linear lines and prioritizes practicality above decoration. Almost all skyscrapers in urban areas are outstanding examples of modern architecture, with plain and straightforward exteriors but a handy layout and opulent interiors.
Main characteristics of modern architecture often include:
- Minimal decorative elements
- Practical and convenient layout
- Use of practical materials
- Open floor plans
- Plain rectangular shapes
- Glass and steel exterior
- No excessive ornamentation
- One or more stories
- Simplified form and clean lines
- Floor-to-ceiling windows
- Flat roofs
The utilisation of Spanish architecture is another top trend that you should research while looking at the best Pakistani home designs. Because it delivers a contemporary-looking home with maximum functionality and restrained adornment, this style is well-liked in Pakistan.
The prominent use of curves and arches is one of the most famous Spanish house design architectural features. Although other popular styles do not frequently employ this line shape, Spanish architecture not only includes it into the arrangement but also makes it appear aesthetically pleasant. For instance, a curved staircase leading to a beautiful archway leading to the front door would be a visual treat.
Another noteworthy feature of Spanish architecture is its thick, white walls. Due to the material used in the construction of these walls, they may stay cool throughout the sweltering summer days and gradually release the heat from the sun at night when it is colder.
Finally, it is impossible to overlook the lovely red roofs of Spanish architecture. These houses have clay tile low-pitched roofs that keep the interiors cooler while also improving the curb attractiveness of the building. Such roof patterns are also used into contemporary Pakistani house plans, especially in urban areas like major cities in country. Spanish architecture is the one for you if you want a traditional style that provides a distinctive look.
International Style in House Construction Styles
International architecture is regarded as a subset of modern architecture. In simple terms, modern architecture is a comprehensive term that encompasses various schools of thought, including international design. Undoubtedly, it is one of the most favored styles of building design in Pakistan.
Here are some of the key features of the international style:
- Ample natural light
- Flat roofs
- Glass, steel and reinforced concrete exterior
- Lack of ornaments and colours
- Rounded corners
- Seemingly weightless structure
- Smooth and even surfaces
- Use of industrial materials
- Utilitarian designs
Modern architecture first appeared in the twenty-first century . Modern and contemporary architectural styles may look quite similar, although the latter embraces innovation and incorporates a variety of designs. In addition, modern architecture uses sustainable building materials and incorporates eco-friendly design elements.
Contemporary architecture, sometimes known as “architecture of the present day,” is one of the most popular building types in Pakistan. Contrary to other well-known architectural trends, contemporary architecture is still evolving even while its fundamental principles—simple, original ideas with little ornamentation—remain the same.
The following are the most common features of contemporary architecture:
- Flat roofs
- Interior design flexibility
- Asymmetrical and irregular facade
- Large windows create a bright and calm environment in the home
- Vertical and rooftop gardens as examples of natural components
- Open floor plan
- Single or multiple stories
- Strong geometric shapes
- Use of natural or organic materials such as wood and stone inside the home
- Utilization of recycled or sustainable building materials
- Integration of energy-saving technology, such as the installation of solar panels
- Making use of outdoor space
French Architecture in House Construction Styles
Another well-known theme in Pakistani house designs is French architecture. s This type of architecture has two basic construction types: pricey estate-style chateaus and simple farmhouse layouts. It is a design that has served as a major source of inspiration for Pakistan’s contemporary architects, who sought to establish the trend of constructing massive, opulent residential structures.
French architecture is renowned for its use of muted colour schemes, organic finishes, and decoration drawn from the landscape. The dwellings are designed with an emphasis on preserving geometric symmetry. The roofs, window placements, or room arrangements will all work together harmoniously to display an architectural balance of shapes and design.
The huge rectangular windows found in Pakistani French home designs contribute to the overall symmetry of the building and give it a taller appearance. Additionally, windows in this form are exactly aligned with one another on each story, improving access to natural light and ventilation.
Stunning oak and stone flooring, high-sloping hipped roofs with all corners pointing downward, and indoor courtyards are a few of these homes’ distinguishing characteristics. All of these architectural features, aid in keeping the homes warmer in winter and cooler in summer. If you prefer old European designs with steeper symmetry and high walls, French architecture is the path to take.
Minimalist architecture, much like other facets of minimalist design, strives to declutter by stripping a building down to its essential elements. This design aesthetic accentuates space, materials, light, and structure. It focuses on highlighting the fundamental shape of a structure and celebrating its core structural components. The absence of ornamental features is a key characteristic, allowing the building to stand on its own as the primary attraction.
These spaces are far from visually mundane despite the absence of embellishments. Minimalist architecture leverages minimalism to craft distinctive environments. The careful selection of angles, materials, and lighting, coupled with the use of the fewest possible elements, generates maximum visual impact.
The utilisation of empty space strategically is critical in establishing the essence of minimalist architecture. In this house construction style, blank spaces are used to bring attention to key architectural elements, or their intended absence, a feature that may not have the same impact in other design styles.
Color palettes in minimalist architecture follow the philosophy of utilizing as little as possible. Colors that are neutral and relaxing, such as tan, white, grey, and black, predominate, showing an intentional decision to reduce visual aspects.
Steel, stone, concrete, and glass are used as simple and easy building materials. These materials not only keep the building’s core simple by removing extraneous decorations, but they also frequently have neutral hues that suit the overall minimalist style.
The following are some of the striking features of minimalist architecture:
- Clean and straight lines
- Clean, modern detailing
- Functional elements and pieces.
- Geometric forms
- Minimum accessories
- Modest detailing
- Neutral or monochromatic colour schemes
- No ornamentation
- Open layout with sufficient natural light
- Simplistic wall finishes.
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