Parliament House Islamabad An Overview

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Framed within the lush greenery of Margalla Hills, the stark white building of the Parliament House stands proud. A symbol of Pakistan’s democratic values and governance, the iconic structure is the center of the nation’s political activities.

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If you’re curious, brings you an in-depth overview of the mesmerising Parliament House Islamabad.


Major Facts About Parliament House In Islamabad

Here are some major facts about the Parliament House Islamabad


Parliament House Islamabad Pakistan 
Location/ Parliament House Islamabad AddressParliament House, Constitution Avenue, ISLAMABAD 44000
Founded 28th May 1986
Type / Structure Bicameral 
Houses Senate
National Assembly 
Total Seats 442 Parliamentarians
100 Senators
342 MNAs
Preceded By The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan 
Designed By Edward Durel Stone 
Phone (9251) 920 37 34, 922 10 82, 922 10 83
E-mail (Secretariat), (Secretary)


Parliament House Islamabad: The Initiation


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Also known as the “Majlis-e-Shura Pakistan,” the Parliament is the supreme legislative body of Pakistan. Initially located in the old capital, Karachi, the Parliament House Islamabad has a fascinating origin story that dates back to the early days of the nation’s existence. 


Strong Foundations

As an infant state, Pakistan needed a guiding body that would enact laws and depict the diverse interests of the nation. Thus, Pakistan’s Parliament was founded shortly after the country’s inception in 1947. 

While the young nation learned to stand on its two feet, the Parliament House was urged to walk across the new boundaries. The shifting paradigm, faces, ideologies, and circumstances pulled the legislative body from Karachi to Dhaka and eventually to Islamabad. Established on a bicameral structure, the Parliament consists of two chambers: the National Assembly and the Senate. 


Choice of Location

Choosing a suitable location to build the Parliament House was a challenge, for sure. The purpose-built capital was chosen as the seat of the government to ensure equal representation for all regions of Pakistan. 

Thus, setting up the Parliament House in Islamabad was symbolic of the importance of this legislative body. Additionally, it was a pivotal decision to foster unity and bridge regional gaps and divides. 


Commencement of Construction

In the late 1970s, the construction of the Parliament House Islamabad began and was a monumental project that continued for nearly a decade. With its completion in the 80s, this grand structure was a prominent milestone in Pakistan’s progress. Today, adding to the long list of historical places in Islamabad, the Parliament House demonstrates the nation’s commitment to democratic governance. 


Inauguration of Parliament House in Islamabad

The grand inauguration of the Parliament House took place on May 24, 1986. This marked a historic moment in Pakistan’s political history, as the new capital and its magnificent Parliament House came to represent the nation’s commitment to democracy and governance.


Role of Parliament in Pakistan’s Political History

Parliament House has played a pivotal role in shaping Pakistan’s political stage. It is the place where the country’s elected representatives unite to formulate and pass laws, debate, and make crucial decisions. It has witnessed historic sessions, including approving important bills, constitutional amendments, and discussions on critical issues.


Key Events and Sessions Held at Parliament House

Many key events in Pakistan’s political history have unfolded within the walls of Parliament House. It includes the unanimous approval of the 18th Amendment to the Constitution in 2010, which marked a significant shift in power from the presidency to the Parliament. The building has also hosted visits from foreign dignitaries and heads of state, signifying its importance on the international stage.


Legislative System and Parliament

The Parliament of Pakistan operates under a bicameral system, consisting of two chambers: the National Assembly and the Senate. The National Assembly (the lower house) comprises members directly elected by the people, representing various constituencies. The Senate (upper house), on the other hand, represents the provinces of Pakistan, ensuring a fair representation of regional interests.


Legislative Processes and Functions

The National Assembly is responsible for proposing and passing legislation, scrutinising government policies, and representing the people’s will. The Senate is vital in ensuring representation from all provinces and reviewing and revising proposed legislation. Both houses work together to form a robust system of checks and balances, ensuring the accountability of the government to the people.


Parliament House in Islamabad: Architecture and Design


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Standing against the bright greens of Islamabad, the Parliament House iconically resembles the national flag. This gives us more reasons to believe in the uniqueness of Pakistan’s architectural heritage. So, let’s find out further subtle and pronounced details about the Parliament House Islamabad. 


Description of the Architectural Style

Parliament House’s architecture is a striking blend of modernism and traditional Islamic design. The building’s structure stands out due to its simplicity and elegance. The use of white marble and traditional Islamic geometric patterns on the exterior walls adds a touch of cultural significance to the modern design.


One of the most prominent design features of Parliament House is its impressive rectangular shape. Its grandeur is a testament to the importance of the democratic process in Pakistan. 


Symbolism in the Design

The choice of Islamic architectural elements, such as arches and geometric patterns, symbolises the nation’s Islamic identity. The central courtyard, with its reflecting pool, adds to the serenity and aesthetic appeal of the building. The design is a visual representation of Pakistan’s Islamic heritage and its commitment to democratic values.


Notable Features in Islamabad Parliament House


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Here are some remarkable features of Parliament House Islamabad. 


Significant Chambers or Rooms

Parliament House is home to several important chambers and rooms, each with its significance. The National Assembly Hall is where members of the lower house gather for legislative sessions. 

The Senate Hall is where the upper house convenes. The library within the building houses a vast collection of legislative and reference materials than all libraries in Islamabad combined.


Art and Decor within Parliament House

The interiors of Parliament House entail art and decor that reflect the nation’s heritage. One can find outstanding artworks from renowned artists like Muhammad Ali Bukhari. 

These intricate calligraphies and murals, showcasing the diversity of Pakistan, are found throughout the building. The art pays homage to the culture and history of the country, emphasizing unity in diversity. 

Visitors may also find historical artifacts and memorabilia on display, providing insight into the country’s journey toward democracy and its rich history. These items serve as a reminder of the struggles and triumphs of the nation.


Current and Future Developments


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As one of the most important architectural structures of the nation, the Islamabad Parliament House is always going through changes for the better. Here are some plans and current developments being conducted in the establishment. 


Ongoing or Planned Renovations or Modifications

The maintenance and preservation of Parliament House are ongoing responsibilities. Renovations and modifications may be planned to ensure the building’s longevity and functionality. These endeavors aim to preserve its historical and architectural significance.


Potential Changes to the Building’s Functions

In the future, there might be changes in how Parliament House functions to better serve the evolving needs of Pakistan’s democracy. The building’s adaptability to accommodate new technology and meet the requirements of a modern legislative process is an ongoing consideration.


Accessibility and Tours in Parliament House Islamabad


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Visiting Parliament House in Islamabad is an opportunity to witness the democratic process in action and appreciate the architectural beauty of the building. The structure is open to the public, but access may be restricted during parliamentary sessions and security alerts. It’s advisable to check the schedule in advance.


Availability of Guided Tours

To gain a deeper understanding of Parliament House and its significance, guided tours are often available. These tours provide insight into the building’s history, its role in Pakistan’s democracy, and the functioning of the legislative process.


Visitor Guidelines and Regulations

While visiting Parliament House Islamabad, tourists are expected to follow certain guidelines. 


Advance Booking

Ensure to make an advance booking for your visit to the Parliament House. Visitors are not allowed without prior arrangements.


Valid ID

Carry a valid government-issued ID, such as a passport or national identity card, for identity verification.


Dress Code

Dress modestly and appropriately. Avoid casual attire like shorts, flip-flops, and sleeveless tops.


Security Check

Be prepared for a thorough security check. Prohibited items include weapons, sharp objects, and large bags.


Guided Tours

Parliament visits are usually conducted through guided tours. Follow the instructions of your guide and maintain decorum.


Respect Decorum

Show respect for the premises, its history, and the proceedings. Refrain from disruptive behavior or photography in restricted areas.



The Parliament House Islamabad is not just a building but a depiction of hope, trust, and integrity. It symbolises the nation’s commitment to unity, democracy, and progress. It continues to give people a sense of belonging even after 36 long years of its existence. Its enduring legacy continues to play a crucial role in shaping the country’s political scenery while welcoming visitors to witness the democratic process.


Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some answers related to Parliament Pakistan you might be searching for. 


Can I visit the Parliament of Pakistan?

As the building that conducts the legislative businesses of the entire country, the Parliament House Islamabad doesn’t allow the general public to visit without a special permit. One way to tour the Parliament is to get invited to an event. 


How many houses does the Parliament of Pakistan have?

The Parliament of Pakistan entails two houses: the Senate and the National Assembly. 


Who designed Parliament House in Islamabad?

The renowned American architect Edward Durell Stone designed the Parliament House, Islamabad, Pakistan. 


What is the architectural style of Parliament House?

The architectural style of Parliament House is a blend of modernism and traditional Islamic design, featuring a central dome and intricate geometric patterns.


Is Parliament House open to the public for tours?

Yes, Parliament House is open to the public, and guided tours are often available to visitors interested in learning about its history and significance. However, you require a special permit to enter its premises. 


When was Parliament House in Islamabad inaugurated?

Inaugurated in 1986, Parliament House marked a significant milestone in Pakistan’s democratic history.


What is the role of the National Assembly in Parliament House?

The National Assembly, the lower house, is responsible for proposing and passing legislation, representing the people’s will, and scrutinizing government policies.


What is the function of the Senate in Parliament House?

 The Senate, the upper house, reviews and revises proposed legislation and ensures representation from all provinces in Pakistan.


Are there visitor guidelines for Parliament House tours?

Yes, visitors must follow specific guidelines, including dressing modestly and respecting security measures. It’s essential to maintain decorum during tours or sessions.


Are there any restrictions on photography inside Parliament House?

 Photography may be restricted in certain areas of Parliament House, and visitors should adhere to the rules and regulations regarding photography.

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