Tando Adam Khan: History, Culture, and Progress

Tando Adam Khan Overview

Tando Adam Khan has secured an eminent spot on the long list of “history-packed cities” in Pakistan. With its captivating history, this city enhances the cultural landscape of the province of Sindh. 

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Today, Graana.com explores Tando Adam’s streets to discover its significance on the map of Pakistan.


Overview of Tando Adam

Tando has been a part of two major districts in Sindh. Administratively, the city falls under the Sanghar District, a shift from its initial association with the Nawab Shah District post-partition.  As the 57th largest city in Pakistan, Tando has been known for its agricultural and industrial impact on the nation’s progress. Most of the city’s economy relies on its agricultural industry.


Mir Adam Mazaar

Vast fields of wheat, sugar cane, and orchards of various fruits surround the land. Tando Adam Khan is known for its unique “Chitri Kela” (spotted bananas), which has become a point of pride and is enjoyed nationwide. Furthermore, the city is now focusing on achieving major milestones in the educational industry by developing institutes. 


Historical Roots and Geographic Significance

The city’s historical roots and geographic charm add to its allure. Tando’s historical legacy dates back to 1795 when Mir Adam Khan laid the foundations of this town during a journey to Korti. 

Entranced by the hospitality and scenic beauty of the region, Mir Adam Khan decided to establish a cantonment, transforming the village into the bustling urban centre known as Tando Adam. The name “Tando” is derived from the Balochi term for cantonment, reflecting its roots.

Here is a table that reflects on important geographical aspects of the city.


Tando City 
Country Pakistan 
Foundation 1900
Founder Mir Adam Khan Mari 
District Sanghar District (1955)
Area 16km2 
Elevation95ft above sea level
Population 152,617 (2017) 
Tando Adam Postal Code 68050
Telephone Code 0235
Langugage(s) Sindhi, Balochi, Urdu


the city of Tando Adam


The city is within proximity to the renowned Kotri Barrage. This water body is responsible for regulating the Indus River’s water flow. This geographical advantage contributes to the region’s fertility, fostering diverse agricultural activities. As a historical and strategically positioned city, Tando Adam holds a prominent role in shaping the cultural and economic landscape of the Sindh region.


Historical Landmarks and Sites In Tando Adam Khan

Beneath the surface, Tando Adam unfolds many offerings and experiences, surpassing what meets the eye in this vibrant city. 


Tando Adam Railway Junction

The city has something for everyone, including train geeks. The Tando Adam railway junction was established during the British era. While the station no longer functions as a junction, it continues to serve as a vital link connecting the city with other major urban centres.

Recently, the station has evolved into a bustling centre on the Karachi-Peshawar line and the Tando Adam-Mehrabpur branch line. Amidst an architectural backdrop of red stone bricks, the station boasts facilities like the station master’s office, ticket office, and waiting rooms, ensuring a seamless travel experience.


Tando Junction

With two platforms adorned with greenery, the station exudes a serene ambience. This railway junction not only facilitates travel but also contributes significantly to the local economy, with industries and businesses thriving in its vicinity. As trains pass through or make a stop, Tando Adam railway station remains a vital node in the intricate web of Pakistan’s railway network.


Adam Khan Mari Tomb

Adam Khan Mari Tomb, located just 5km from Khipro in District Sanghar, holds profound historical significance. The mausoleum, constructed in 1766 A.D., is dedicated to Raees Adam Khan Mari, the esteemed founder of Tando Adam City. 

This domed structure encompasses the remains of Adam Khan Mari, his grandfather Bahaar Khan Mari, and his father Qaim Khan Mari, a martyr in the 1782 Halani battle. The architectural features of the tomb resemble those of the Talpur tombs in Hyderabad.


Mir Adam Mazaar


The tomb is a testament to the legacy of Adam Khan Mari, who, after his village residence near Khipro, played a pivotal role in shaping the city’s foundation. Managed as private property and overseen by Abdul Hussain Mari, the tomb preserves the historical roots of Tando City.


Oderolal Shrine

The Oderolal Shrine serves as a unique symbol of communal harmony and shared devotion. This joint Muslim-Hindu shrine, also known as Udero Lal, lies in the village of Odero Lal (near Tando City), embodying a harmonious coexistence of faiths.


Oderolal Shrine

Sindhi Muslims revere the saint interred here as Sheikh Tahir, while Hindus hold him dear as Odero Lal or Jhulelal. The shrine complex includes both a Muslim shrine and a Hindu temple, representing a compromise to prevent religious conflicts. 

Muslims offer namaz prayers, while Hindus perform aarti and puja, fostering unity. The shrine reflects most of Pakistan’s unique architectural heritage, adorned with colourful glasswork and white dooms. 

This sacred space, where Hindus and Muslims pray together, stands as a testament to the shared spiritual heritage of the community, transcending religious distinctions and fostering a sense of unity and brotherhood.


Historical Landmark in Tando Adam

As visitors explore Tando Adam Khan, these historical sites offer a glimpse into the city’s vibrant history. From the founding father’s tombs to shrines that bridge religious divides, the city stands as a testament to unity in diversity, preserving its cultural heritage through these remarkable landmarks.


Educational Hub and Medical Excellence

Tando Adam has achieved remarkable progress in the realm of education, particularly during the global crisis, showcasing significant changes and substantial development. The government has proactively spearheaded initiatives to fortify the city’s education system alongside its infrastructure. 

Numerous new schools and colleges have been established to provide an elevated standard of education across various academic levels. One noteworthy facet of the city’s recent educational advancements is the establishment of the Suleman Roshan Medical College, a prominent institution offering advanced medical courses and degrees to its students.


Suleman Roshan College


This medical college stands as a testament to the city’s commitment to fostering academic excellence, especially in critical fields like medicine. The city’s educational landscape continues to evolve, contributing significantly to the overall growth and prosperity of Tando Adam.

List of Top Schools and Colleges in Tando Adam:

  1. Al-Saeed Islamic Public School
  2. Bahria Foundation School
  3. Government Fatimah Jinnah Girls High School
  4. Hira Public School
  5. New Ali Garh Government College
  6. Suleman Khan Medical College


Culinary Delights

With its diverse cultural influences, Tando Adam offers a delectable array of dishes that showcase the region’s rich culinary heritage. Local favourites include the succulent “Sajji,” a seasoned and slow-cooked whole lamb or chicken known for its tender and flavorful meat. This dish symbolises celebration and festivity in Tando city, often enjoyed during special occasions and gatherings.




For those with a sweet tooth, the city is renowned for its unique “Barfi” (referred to locally as “maawa”), a sweet confectionery delight that delights the taste buds with its rich and creamy texture. Paired with the refreshing “lassi” from Mastana, a yoghurt-based drink often flavoured with fruits or traditional spices, Tando Adam offers a perfect blend of sweet and savoury treats.

The culinary scene also features a variety of traditional Sindhi, Siraiki, Balochi, Pashto, and Punjabi dishes, reflecting the city’s cultural diversity. From hearty meat-based dishes to flavorful vegetarian options, Tando city’s eateries cater to a wide range of palates.

Additionally, the city’s agricultural prominence contributes to the availability of fresh and locally sourced ingredients, enhancing the authenticity of its culinary offerings. Exploring the local food markets and eateries in Tando Adam becomes a delightful journey, allowing residents and visitors to savour the unique flavours and aromas that define the gastronomic landscape of this vibrant city.


 Economic Vigor and Diverse Industries

Tando is a robust economic hub, boasting a diverse and flourishing industrial sector that significantly contributes to the city’s economic vitality. The town is widely recognized for its thriving industries, encompassing textiles, agriculture, and telecommunications sectors. 

Notably, Tando Adam hosts Pakistan’s largest power loom industry, emphasizing its pivotal role in the textile manufacturing landscape. This industry caters to domestic demands and plays a crucial role in export activities, further bolstering the city’s economic standing.

The agricultural sector in Tando city is equally prominent, with the fertile lands surrounding the city yielding crops like sugar cane, wheat, bananas, and mangoes. The agro-based economy plays a crucial role in sustaining local livelihoods and contributing to the national exchequer. Additionally, Tando Adam houses numerous fruit juice, paper products, cotton ginning, and cottage industries, adding layers of economic diversity.


Urban Expansion and Future Developments

Tando is a city in constant evolution, which is evident through urban expansion and new housing schemes like Satellite Town, Lake City Tando City, Green City, and Hilltop. These developments accommodate the growing population and contribute to the city’s modernization.



Tando Adam Khan stands as a city where echoes of the past resonate with the vibrancy of the present. Embracing progress and diversity, Tando Adam promises an enriching experience for those eager to explore its history, culture, and economic dynamism. From the bustling power loom industry to the serene Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai Shrine, every corner of Tando Adam tells a story, inviting visitors to become part of its ever-evolving narrative.


Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some frequently asked questions.


What is the history behind the founding of Tando Adam Khan?

Mir Adam Khan Mari founded Tando Adam Khan. He was initially part of Nawab Shah District before joining Sanghar District in 1955.


How far is the Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai Shrine from Tando Adam?

The Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai Shrine is approximately 18 kilometres from Tando city, drawing pilgrims and history enthusiasts to its sacred grounds.


What industries contribute to Tando Adam’s economic vitality?

Tando Adam hosts diverse industries, including Pakistan’s largest power loom industry, pharmaceuticals (AHSONS DRUG company), fruit juice, paper products, cotton ginning, and telecommunications.


What are the prominent dishes in Tando Adam’s culinary scene?

Signature dishes in Tando Adam include:

  • Sajji.
  • Special desserts like “maawa.”
  • Badayoon Peraa from Hafiz Sweets.
  • The renowned lassi of Mastana.


Which educational institutions are present in Tando Adam?

Tando Adam is home to institutions such as New Ali Garh Government College, Government Girls Degree College, Progenitor High School, and Al-Saeed Islamic Public School.


How has Tando Adam’s population changed over the years?

According to the 2017 census, Tando Khan’s population reached 457,919, reflecting significant growth from 1951 when there were only 21,260 residents.


What is the climate like in Tando City?

Tando Adam experiences a diverse climate, with warm summers, mild winters, and monsoon rains during the rainy season.


What is the postal code for Tando City?

The postal code for Tando Adam is 68050, providing a unique identifier for mail and packages.


How has the language landscape evolved in Tando Khan?

Sindhi is the official language, and residents also speak Urdu, Saraiki, Balochi, Brahvi, Pashto, Punjabi, Gujarati/Godhry Wali, and Marwari.


What are the major housing schemes in Tando City?

New housing schemes include Satellite Town, Lake City Tando Adam, Green City, Hilltop, and others, contributing to urban expansion.


Is Tando Adam a hub for any specific industry?

Tando Adam is known for hosting Pakistan’s largest power loom industry, contributing significantly to the textile sector.


How accessible is Tando Adam for tourists?

Tando Adam is accessible by road, and its cultural, historical, and culinary attractions make it an intriguing destination for tourists.


Are there any international communities residing in Tando Adam?

The city attracts foreign professionals, including Chinese and Korean individuals, especially in oil extraction and telecommunications.


What are the ethnic demographics of Tando City’s population?

The population includes Sindhi, Mohajir, Brohi/Baloch, Punjabi, Pashtun, Gujarati/Godhry Waly, and others.

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