All You Need to Know About Ranipur

Located in the northern region of Pakistan’s vibrant Sindh province, Ranipur is a captivating town awaiting exploration. Situated approximately 50 kilometres from the historic city of Khairpur and just 30 kilometres from the ancient Kot Diji fort, Ranipur boasts a rich cultural heritage and historical significance. The town is renowned for its association with the popular shrine of Sachal Sarmast, a revered site that showcases the beauty of traditional tilework of Sindh.

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Join on an enchanting journey to Ranipur as we delve into its historical treasures, local traditions, and the timeless allure of this remarkable destination. 


Information Yable

Alternative Names:Ranipur, Raripur, Rānīpur
Type:Populated place – a city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work Region:Khairpur District, Sindh Province, Pakistan
Region:Sindh, Pakistan
Latitude:27° 17′ 13″ N
Longitude:68° 30′ 22″ E
Lat/Long (dec):27.2872,68.50623
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate
Population:22,495 (2017)
Mindat Feature ID:1167142
Long-form Identifier:mindat:2:6:1167142:4



ranipur jharial

The history of Ranipur, Sindh, goes back long before the reign of Kalhoras in Sindh, which spanned from 1701 to 1783 AD. Ranipur is a unique town situated between two streams, the Rohri Canal to the east and the Abul Canal to the west, giving it a picturesque location. The name “Ranipur” itself is quite interesting; “Rani” means “queen,” and it’s believed to be named after one of Darya Khan’s princesses, who ruled Thatta.

Ranipur gained historical significance during the British occupation. It was a hub for an “anti-Khilafat” movement led by the city’s Pirs, spiritual leaders, to protect British interests in Sindh.

Today, Ranipur is the union council in the district Khairpur of Sindh, Pakistan. Its history, filled with stories of royalty, canals, and political movements, provides a glimpse into the unique cultural heritage of this part of Sindh. Ranipur’s history is a captivating narrative that sheds light on the deep-rooted heritage of this remarkable place.


Ranipur’s Pirs

Shrine of Schal sarmast in Ranipur

The Pirs of this city hold a significant and storied place in the history and culture of the region, with their legacy dating back to as early as 1781. The establishment of the Dargah for the Pirs in Ranipur traces back to the arrival of two prominent figures, Syed Ahmed Shah and Syed Muhammad Shah, sons of Pir Syed Abdul Aziz, from Baghdad.

The Kalhoras, who were the rulers of Sindh, warmly and tumultuously welcomed their journey to Ranipur, and they were allowed to preach their teachings.

Syed Muhammad Shah’s son, Abdul Razzaq Shah, passed away in his lifetime.  Following their father’s passing, Saleh Shah became the keeper of the Dargah in Ranipur. Ibrahim Shah, relocated to Gambat, where he lived with Muhammad Shah; one of his uncles. Meanwhile, Abdul Rahim Shah’s son, Shair Muhammad Shah, also known as Pir Shair, moved to Larkana, becoming Mutawali of Siraj’s Dargah.

With the changing tides of history, the Kalhora dynasty gave way to the Talpur rulers in Sindh. Interestingly, the Pirs of Ranipur and Gambat found even greater respect and influence during the Talpur era under rulers like Mir Rustam and Mir Sohrab. These rulers not only granted respect to these Pirs but also sought their guidance for official matters.

Among these revered Pirs, Saleh Shah stood out as a pious and popular figure. His son, Ghulam Shah, had a close relationship with the popular mystic poet Khawaja Ghulaam Fareed of Punjab, emphasising the interconnectedness of spiritual and cultural traditions across regions.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Following are a few of the FAQs regarding Ranipur, Sindh:


Where is Ranipur located in Sindh, Pakistan?

Ranipur is a town situated in the northern part of Sindh, Pakistan. It’s approximately 50 kilometres away from the Khairpur city and around 30 kilometres from the historic fort of Kot Diji.


What is Ranipur famous for?

Ranipur is renowned for its historical and cultural significance. It is famous for its shrines, including the shrine of Saleh Shah and Hajran Shah, which are popular pilgrimage sites. 


What historical landmarks can I visit in Ranipur?

While in Ranipur, you can explore several historical landmarks, including the shrines of Saleh Shah and Hajran Shah, the famous Ranipur sugar mill, and the gates like Babe Dastageer and Babe Sachal Sarmast. Each of these landmarks has a unique history and cultural significance.


Can you tell me more about the cultural heritage of Ranipur?

The city’s historical gates and the traditional Sindhi tilework found in some of these sites are emblematic of its cultural richness.


What is the best time to visit Ranipur?

The best time to visit Ranipur, like much of Sindh, is during the cooler months, from October to March. The weather during this period is more comfortable for exploring the city’s historical and cultural sites.


Are there accommodations and facilities for tourists in Ranipur?

While Ranipur is not as well-known as some other tourist destinations in Pakistan, you can find basic accommodations and facilities in the town. It’s advisable to check in advance and make necessary arrangements if you plan to visit.


Are there any local festivals or events in Ranipur?

Ranipur hosts various local festivals and events, often related to religious and cultural celebrations. The annual Urs (death anniversary) of Sufi saints at the shrines is a significant event where devotees gather to pay their respects and participate in festivities.


Is the city accessible by public transportation?

Yes, Ranipur is accessible by public transportation. Buses and other forms of public transport connect it to nearby cities and towns in Sindh. You can also consider hiring a local guide or taxi for ease of travel within the town.


Is it safe to visit Ranipur as a tourist?

Like any other tourist destinations in Sindh, it’s essential to take standard precautions, such as safeguarding your belongings and respecting local customs and traditions. 

Ranipur stands as a testament to the rich tapestry of traditions and progress in the region. Whether you’re seeking to explore its historical sites, experience its vibrant culture, or simply enjoy its unique charm, Ranipur has much to offer to curious travellers and those interested in the diverse heritage of Sindh, Pakistan.

This was all about Ranipur, Sindh. For more information on different tourist areas like Pir Ibrahim, visit

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